2 edition of Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees found in the catalog.
Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees
John Bascom Wolfe
|Statement||by John B. Wolfe.|
|Series||Comparative psychology monographs., v. 12, serial no. 60|
|LC Classifications||QL785 .W575|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||72|
|LC Control Number||36016168|
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25 No primeiro exemplo, o autor recorre aos estudos com macacos antropóides propostos por JB Wolfe no estudo “Effectiveness of token rewards for chimpanzees” em Para CASSIRER (, p), “segundo Wolfe, os resultados das longas e variadas experiências mostraram que processos simbólicos ocorrem no comportamento dos macacos. [International Review of Research in Mental Retardation 3] Norman R. Ellis (Eds.) - ( Elsevier Academic Press) код для вставки.
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Get this from a library. Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees. [John Bascom Wolfe]. Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees.
Responsibility by John B. Wolfe. Imprint Baltimore, Md., The Johns Hopkins press [c] Physical description 72 p. illus., diagrs. 25 cm. Series Comparative psychology monographs v.
12, serial no. 60 Online. Available online At the library. [Book] "The Jewish origin of the Fulani" () by Marvyn David Waldegrave Jeffreys 2 1 comment [Article] Antioxidative and hepatoprotective effect of kombucha sweetener on acetaminophen-induced liver injury Authors: Mazli, A.a, Nik Hasan, M.K.b, Li, A.R.b, Ahmad Tajuddin Sobri, F.A.a, Kue, C.S.
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Interestingly, in that task, chimpanzees became indifferent between the two food options when the delay to the greater option was a mean of s (SE = s), which is notably (although possibly not significantly) shorter of a duration than the wait time imposed upon the chimpanzees in Cited by: This paper explores the effectiveness of token rewards in maintaining chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in working at intellectually costly tasks, and studies the "saving" behavior of the subjects, investigating the factors that can condition experiments were run.
Tokens were introduced as rewards in a matching-to-sample task and used as exchange tools for food by three adult female. This paper explores the effectiveness of token rewards in maintaining chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in working at intellectually costly tasks, and studies the "saving" behavior of the subjects, investigating the factors that can condition it.
Two experiments were run. Tokens were introduced as rewards in a matching-to-sample task and used as exchange tools for food by three adult female Cited by: This paper explores the effectiveness of token rewards in maintaining chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in working at intellectually costly tasks, and studies the "saving" behavior of the subjects.
Abstract This paper explores the effectiveness of token rewards in maintaining chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in working at intellectually costly tasks, and studies the “sav-ing” behavior of the subjects, investigating the factors that can condition it.
Two experiments were run. Tokens were introduced as rewards in a matching-to-sample task and. Author(s): Wolfe,John Bascom, Title(s): Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees,by John B.
Wolfe Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Baltimore, Md., The Johns Hopkins press [c] Description: cover-title, 72 p. ill. Language: English LCCN: NLM ID: R[Book]. John Bascom Wolfe (July 8, – January 5, ) was an American social and behavioural psychologist best known for his study of the use of a token economy on chimpanzees.
Born: Dryden, Virginia on July 8, Married Lillian Schuck (Yale Ph.D. and board certified clinical psychologist, Aug ). Children: Ann Lee Wolfe Little and Lyn Janette Wolfe Wickelgren– Emory & Henry.
OCLC Number: Description: pages illustrations 25 cm: Contents: THE CHILD. Homeostasis as a unifying concept in personality theory / Ross Stagner --Constitutional and prenatal factors in infant and child health / M.
Ashley Montagu --Preliminary study of the significance of measures of autonomic balance / M. Wenger --The rationale of assessing the development status of children. Studies in motivation Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item.
Effectiveness of token-rewards for chimpanzees / John B. Wolfe -- An experimental analogue of fear from a sense of helplessness / O.H. Mowrer and Peter Viek -- Fear as motivation and fear-reduction as reinforcement in the learning of new responses / Neal E.
Miller Pages: Effectiveness of Token-Rewards for Chimpanzees An Experimental Analogue of Fear from a Sense of Helplessness We investigated the behavioural and cognitive development of a captive male infant chimpanzee, Ayumu, raised by his mother, Ai.
Here we report Ayumu's achievements up to the age of 2 years and 3 months, in the context of complex computer-controlled tasks. From soon after birth, Ayumu had been present during an experiment performed by his mother.
The task consisted of Cited by: As further evidence, Bevacqua et al. () with an experiment similar to the one of Brosnan and de Walls () showed that monkeys can also learn the symbolic meaning of tokens from human models.
Living organisms sometimes manifest behavior which is chronically nonintegrative, that is, behavior which is consistently more punishing than rewarding. An attempt is made to show that the factor of time must be taken into account for a satisfactory explanation of such behavior.
Because of certain limitations, the Law of Exercise and the Law of Effect do not explain the by: “Effectiveness of Token-Rewards for Chimpanzees,” Comparative Psychology Monographs, 12, no.
5, Williams and Wilkens, Baltimore. Yaari, Menahem E. “ Convexity in the Theory of Choice Under Risk,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 79, –Cited by: Perhaps two of the most relevant have been reported by Wolfe29 and Cowles In one of these experiments chimpanzees were trained to insert discs into a vending machine that dispensed the primary reinforcement of grapes.
Effectiveness of token rewards for chimpanzees, Comp. Psychol. Monogr., 12, no.5 (). Ch 6 Conditioned. In laboratories of psychology it is common practice to rely on the need of animal subjects for food almost to the exclusion of other possible forms of motivation, whereas in the case of human subjects the opposite is true.
This difference may be unfavorable to the comparability of results for man versus other animals. For this reason, and also on account of convenience, economy, nutritional Cited by:. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.But the be- haviour produced by tokens is very interesting.
Chimpanzees in the prewar token experiments were seen to beg tokens from each other (Nissen and Crawford ); it is even said that one of them, in a "delayed redemption" experiment, wrapped her tokens in a lettuce leaf and went to sleep with this as a pillow (see fig.
2)!Cited by: This article reports a study of the founding of applied behavior analysis through its publications. Our methods included hand searches of sources (e.g., journals, reference lists), search terms (i.e., early, applied, behavioral, research, literature), inclusion criteria (e.g., the field's applied dimension), and (d) challenges to their face and content validity.